Assessment in Transformation Teachers’ Perceived Opportunities and Challenges in the Assessment of Multimodal Texts

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Using data from focus group interviews, this study aims to analyze the perceived opportunities and challenges encountered by groups of secondary school teachers regarding the assessment of multimodal texts. Previous research has shown that digital technologies introduce new kinds of texts in the classroom. The possibility of combining verbal text with image, sound, and movement has an impact on students’ text production. However, the changing role of writing on the screen has left teachers uncertain of how to assess these new forms of texts. Apart from attending to digital competence, assessing multimodal texts may involve following writing conventions and organizing text using different resources and components. Quality in multimodal texts may concern using multimodal components to communicate complex ideas effectively, which may or may not be noticed by teachers. The data is based on group interviews with 11 secondary school teachers at two different schools. The study conducted a thematic content analysis using the analytical concepts of transformation, recognition, design, and form and meaning. Findings show that teachers find it challenging to acknowledge certain qualities in students’ multimodal texts without support from the steering documents. On the other hand, they notice opportunities to follow students’ learning processes. In addition, they stress an increased opportunity and need for shared assessment across school subjects. The article concludes with a discussion of tensions regarding opportunities and challenges when assessing students’ multimodal texts in relation to the different subject syllabuses.

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How to Cite
Insulander, E., Hernwall, P., Åkerfeldt, A., & Öhman, E. (2022). Assessment in Transformation. Educare - Vetenskapliga Skrifter, (1), 132 - 153.
Author Biographies

Eva Insulander, Stockholm university

Eva Insulander is associate professor in education at the Department of education, Stockholm University. Her research interests cover designs for learning inside and outside of schools, multimodal communication as well as assessment.

Patrik Hernwall, Stockholm university

Patrik Hernwall is associate professor in education at the Department of computer and systems sciences, Stockholm University. His research concerns conditions for children in technologically dense environments.

Anna Åkerfeldt

Anna Åkerfeldt is senior lecturer in education at the Department of mathematics and science education, Stockholm University. Her research interest concerns digital learning environments and cultures of recognition in educational settings.

Elisabeth Öhman

Elisabeth Öhman is senior lecturer in education at the Department of humanities and social sciences education, Stockholm University. Her research interests centers on students’ work with moving images, film, images and music as well as the work of teachers.


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